Sri Krishna Matha, Udupi
In Dvaparayuga, when sri krishna was making mother devaki happy by showing childhood mischiefs in the attire of a kid, his wife rukmini watched it hiding and requested that she also wanted such beautiful statue. Looking after the request by wife, he created a statue from shalagarama stone of kadagolu balakrishna and gave it to her. After shri krishna left to parandhama, arjuna elstablished the statue and worshipped in rukmini vana. Gradually the statue got submerged in the soil containing gopichandana. In kaliyuga while a sailor was brining gopichandana logs in his ship near udupi (exactly vadabandeshawara-currently malpe), he was in danger due to heavy storm and knowing about the arrival of god madhavacharya saved the ship. Looking at acharya's meditationl powers the sailor was amazed and went on to offer valuable things in his ship, but acharya only acceted the gopichandana logs and came back to udupi chanting dvadashastotra and established the statue in the matha with all the rituals according to shastras after cleaning the statue in the lake. He then taught sarvamula lessons to eight of his disciples along with sanyasatva and provided them with the rights to perform pooja to shri krishna and to promote dvaitamata. Sri Krishna was established in Udupi for the sole reason of prosperity of people. Madhvacharya decided to leave to badari after showing himself to human eyes for 79 years, showing his glory, preaching about madhva sinddhanta, defeating people in debate and teaching lessons to his disciples. Deciding that the intention of his incarnation was fulfilled during kalivarsha 4418, magha shudh navami of pingala calendar 1317 AD, acharya dissapeared in udupi anantheshwara temple while teaching lessons of aitareya bashya to his disciples. Shri Madhvacharya even after dissapearing on rajathapeeta and appearing in badari , is specially seated in Shri Anantheshwara temples acharya gudi and paryaya Shri Padangalas and also paryaya simhasana peeta.
Sri Madhvacharya gave paramahamsa ashrama to eight balavatu, allocated them to Lord Krishna pooja , he gave them eight (Shri Rama, Chathurbuja Kaliyamardhana Krishna, Dvibuja Kaliyamardhana Krishna,Vittala, Vittala, Bhuvaraha, Narasimha, and Vittala God) statues created by his own hands ordered them to continue the legacy. To eight disciples of them (Sri Hrishikeshatirtharu, Sri Naraharitirtharu, Sri Janardhanatirtharu, Sri Upendratirtharu, Sri Vamanatirtharu, Sri Vishnutirtharu, Sri Ramatirtharu, Sri Adhokshajatirtharu) acharya established eight mathas as Palimar matha, Adamaru matha, Krishnapur matha, Puttige matha, Shiroor matha, Sode matha, Kaniyuru matha and Pejavara Math. In order to perform the paryaya pooja efficiently , in the order as mentioned above, dvandva matha system was created involving two mathas. He allocated his ashrama teacher Shri Achyutha Prekshacharya hailing from the sanakadi yathi tradition to bhimasethu matha(sathyathirtha) as adipathi and his younger brother Shri Vishnuthirtha for sodhe matha and subramanya matha as moolayathi. Shri Madhvacharya was the devoted guru for Uttaradi matha, Shri Padaraya matha, Shri Raghavendra Swamy matha and Shri Vyasaraya matha.
Udupi is one among the 7 Parashurama Kshetras i.e. the places created by Sage Parashurama.History says Parasurama threw his axe from Gokarnam and it fell at Kanyakumari. The sea gave way to land, thus giving rise to all the coastal areas including Udupi. Apart from Lord Shri Krishna Temple, there are 2 important ancient temples in Udupi.One is Ananteshwara Temple and other is Chandramoulishwara Temple.
In Sanskrit,Udupa means moon. According to history moon prayed Lord Shiva here to get rid of a curse.Lord Shiva was pleased with moon’s prayers and blessed him in the form of Lingam which you can see in Chandramoulishwara Temple.Since moon prayed here the place has got its name Udupi.
There is no front door to the Sanctorum. Instead, you need to see through a window to get a darshan of the idol.The window is called as Navagraha Kindi.
Navagraha Kindi & Kanakana Kindi
There is also one more window called Kanakana Kindi. Kanakadasa, an ardent believer of God comes to Udupi to see Lord Krishna.But as he was from a lower caste,he was not permitted to enter the temple.Sri Krishna, pleased by the worship of Kanakadasa created a small hole in the back wall of the temple and turned to face the hole so that Kanakadasa could see him.This window is known as Kanakana Kindi.
There are 2 shrines inside the temple in front of Lord Krishna.One is MukhyaPrana [Hanumaan] and othere is Garuda.Its believed Sage Shri Vadirajaru brought this from Ayodhya and installed them here. Mukhyapraana is the most powerful deity here. All dishes offered to Lord Krishna are later on brought here and offered to Mukhyapraana. Rangapooje is one of the special rituals performed here everyday.
Its interesting to know that lamps burning by the side of Krishna idol were lighted by Shri Madwacharya and till now they are not allowed to get extinguished.
Daily many sevas are performed to Lord Krishna. The one that I choose most of the times is Hallu Benne Seve i.e Milk & Butter Pooja. As Lord Krishna likes butter,milk so much we always prefer to do this seva.
Further you proceed inside the temple you can see a big dining hall.In south canara almost all the temples serve lunch and dinner to deities everyday and krishna matha is not an exception. People here believe that Annadaanam is the greatest daanam and everybody who visits the temple should not go back without having lunch.
Bhojana Shala Hanumanta
The dining hall is called as Bhojana Shala and there is a small shrine of Mukhyyapraana inside the bhoojana Shala called as Bhojana Shale Hanumanta. The food is offered to this deity and then served. There is a special ritual here eating lunch on the floor which is considered to be very auspicious. Every saturday many dieties pray here and eat on the plain floor (without any leaf).
There is also one more dining hall called as Chouki where all the Swamijis will have the lunch along with dieties.
There is a temple of Lord Subramanya inside. Its believed that there is a huge golden treasury inside and a serpent is guarding that. Sri Vadiraja constructed this serpent shrine.
Lord Parashurama is being worshipped in the form of Lingam in Anateshwara Temple. Linga has been kept on silver base i.e rajata pheetam with snake images carved on it.Hence the place is called as Shiva-belli* i.e. shivalli and Brahmins here as shivalli Brahmins. It’s a custom here to offer oil to lit lamps to Lord Anateshwara which is believed to be very auspicious.If it doesn’t rain in Udupi people come and offer tender coconut water to Lord Shiva to get rains. The usual practice in Udupi is to visit Chandresmaulishwara, Anantheshwara temples and then visit Sri Krishna temple.
Krishna Matha was founded by the great vaishnavite saint Shri Madwacharya. According to history, there was a storm in the sea at Malpe. Shri Madhvacharya was on the shore at the time and saw a ship which was in trouble. He helped the ship to reach the shore to safely. The sailors were very grateful to him and gave him deities of Lord Krishna and Lord Balarama which was covered with sandlewood. He did the pratishte (installation ceremony) of the deity of Lord Balarama near Malpe. This temple is known as Vadabhandeshwara. He brought the deity of Lord Krishna and did the pratishte at Udupi. This temple is known as Krishna Matha.
Most of the tourists visit Malpe Beach but they are not aware of the Balarama temple which is a must visit in Udupi.
There is a small tank behind the shrine known as Madhva Sarovara.The Swamijis have to take bath in this tank before worshipping the shrine.Its believed that once in every twelve years the sacred Ganges flows into this tank. As we enter inside,we can see a small statue of ChennaKeshava.There is a door behind that statue which would be opened only on Vijayadashami and only the Swamijis of the temple are permitted to enter this after bathing in the tank.